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International Energy Outlook 2007

Author:admin Published:2010-01-08 Hits: qq weibo


May 2007
Energy Information Administration
Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting
U.S. Department of Energy
Washington, DC 20585

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This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained here in should be attributed to the Energy Information Administration and should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or of any other organization.
In 2004, coal accounted for 26 percent of total world energy consumption (Figure 55). Of the coal produced worldwide in 2004, 65 percent was shipped to electricity producers, 31 percent to industrial consumers, and most of the remaining 4 percent to coal consumers in the residential and commercial sectors. Coal’s share of total world energy consumption is projected to increase to 28 percent in 2030, and in the electric power sector its share is projected to rise from 43 percent in 2004 to 45 percent in 2030.


Although coal deposits are widely distributed, 67 percent  of the world’s recoverable reserves are located in  four countries: the United States (27 percent), Russia (17  percent), China (13 percent), and India (10 percent).


In the IEO2007 reference case, while natural gas is the fastest-growing energy source for electricity generation worldwide, coal continues to provide the largest share of the energy used for electric power production(Figure 63). In 2004, coal-fired generation accounted for 41 percent of world electricity supply; in 2030, its share is projected to be 45 percent. Sustained high prices for oil and natural gas make coal-fired generation more attractive economically, particularly in nations that are rich in coal resources, which include China, India, and the United States. The 2.8-percent projected annual growth rate for coal-fired electricity generation worldwide is exceeded only by the 3.3-percent rate projected for natural-gas fired generation.


U.S. electricity generation — including both generation by electric power  producers and on-site generation — is projected to  increase steadily, at an average annual rate of 1.4 percent.


China and India account for the world’s largest projected  increases in national electric power demand over  the 2004 to 2030 period. China already is the world’s  largest coal consumer, and India is the third largest  (after the United States).



Sources: 2004: Derived from Energy Information Administration  (EIA), International Energy Annual 2004 (May-July  2006), web site 2030: EIA, System for  the Analysis of Global Energy Markets (2007).


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